Collections of the National Museum

All six collections established in the first decade of the existence of the National Museum still exist and they are: Natural History Collection, Archaeological Collection, Numismatic Collection, Historical Collection, Ethnological Collection and Art Collection. They number almost 14 000 objects altogether, which makes a rich resource of cultural and natural heritage, before all from the territory of Kraljevo, Raška and Vrnjačka Banja.

Archaeological Collection

All six collections that were established in the first decade of the existence of the National Museum Kraljevo still exist today: Natural History Collection, Archaeological Collection, Numismatic Collection, Historical Collection, Ethnological Collection and Art Collection. They number almost 14 000 objects altogether, which makes a rich resource of cultural and natural heritage, before all from the territory of Kraljevo, Raška and Vrnjačka Banja.

Natural History Collection

The Natural History Collection of the National Museum in Kraljevo was formally founded in 2015, and currently includes several hundred individual objects and samples. Part of the material was collected during the 1950s, and the rest of the material reached the museum through research by the Archaeological Department, purchases and gifts. The objects are organized in three sub-collections: paleontology, anthropology and rock sub-collection.

Numismatic Collection

As the most numerous collection in the Museum, the Numismatic Collection has over 3200 items in the inventory and in addition another 4050 in the so-called Study collection of numismatic material. It includes ancient, Byzantine and Serbian medieval coins, but the most extensive part of the Collection is modern coins (XVI – XX century), of Austrian, German or Turkish origin, and above all Serbian money of the XIX and XX century.

Historical Collection

The objects of historical importance which, authentically and with the support of documents testify to the past of the Kraljevo region are systematised in a series of subject subcollections within the Historical Collection: the most numerous are archivalia, then realia and memorial objects, weapons and military equipment, flags, decorations, medals and plaques, photographs and postcards. posters and leaflets, stamps and diplomas, variae.

Ethnological Collection

Today, the Ethnological Collection consists of about 2400 inventoried and processed items. According to the function and type of material from which the objects are made, sub-collections were formed.

Art Collection

The Art Collection numbers over 1,200 works of art and seen as a heterogeneous whole, which documents works by important authors and painters, enables the study and critical revision of Serbian art of the second half of the 20th century and current contemporary art trends, while documenting the development of Kraljevo’s art scene.

All six collections established in the first decade of the existence of the National Museum still exist and they are: Natural History Collection, Archaeological Collection, Numismatic Collection, Historical Collection, Ethnological Collection and Art Collection. They number almost 14 000 objects altogether, which makes a rich resource of cultural and natural heritage, before all from the territory of Kraljevo, Raška and Vrnjačka Banja. By their concepts and objects, these collections tend to reflect microhistory. They tend to preserve not only the traces, memories and stories about the people from this region, about their achievements, about their way of building the society, about their life and the values they shared, but also the evidence of merciless perishing, especially during the 20th century, which is deeply embedded in the memory of these people.

Firstly, as it is a territory which in certain periods of history, particularly in the Middle Ages, was in the central part of the state, numerous cultural monuments are located there. The mediaeval town of Maglič, as well as the monasteries of Žiča and Gradac, belong to the category of monuments of exceptional, national importance, while the monastery of Studenica is on the UNESCO world heritage list. Besides the rulers’ foundations, numerous churches, as noblemen’s foundations, small fortified towns, mining centres and squares, with mediaeval graveyards, reflect the concentration of population and a complex infrastructure of the feudal society, which is presented through different objects kept in the collections of the National Museum Kraljevo. Hence, this material exceeds the local level and occupies an important place in the national cultural heritage. Secondly, Žiča in the close vicinity has had an important role in the modern history of Kraljevo, the city which developed in its immediate surroundings. Žiča, as the seat of the first Serbian archbishop Saint Sava and the coronation place at which the royal power of the Nemanjićs was established, played a significant role in the creation of ideology of modern Serbian state, which tended to resume the continuity with the mediaeval state. Thus, Kraljevo, which was named in honour of Milan Obrenović, the first king in the modern era, was the stage of important ceremonies in the modern state, and the collections provide a lot of evidence for it.

Thirdly, the collections of the National Museum Kraljevo preserve the material from a wider territory of Serbia, where numerous works of modern art within the Art Collection, which participate in the national artistic and cultural heritage, particularly stand out.

Finally, a part of the material originated not only from a wider territory of the former Yugoslavia, but also from other countries, before all the European ones. This varied material from different collections, together with the palaeontological material from the surroundings of Kraljevo, goes, by its character, beyond the national frameworks and belongs to a broad circle of European and universally human heritage.

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